In most organizations, employees receive new PCs every 3 to 5 years. In the past the differences between old and new systems were predictable hardware improvements like faster processors, more memory, and higher capacity hard drives. Yes, this cycle continues today, but changes based upon technology advances alone are only part of the picture. PCs have been joined by a growing army of other computing devices such as handhelds, smart phones, and consumer electronics to make up a new category called, endpoints. Endpoints are often mobile IP devices that can do a lot more than email and word processing. Great for users but what does this change mean to CIOs in terms of endpoint security and operations?